Understanding Loan Receivable: A Comprehensive Guide


Greetings, dear reader. Are you planning to take out a loan? Or, are you a lender who provides loans? In either case, it is essential to understand the concept of loan receivable. It is a financial term that denotes the amount of money owed to a lender by the borrower. In this article, we will explain the concept of loan receivable in detail, along with its different types, methods of calculation, and much more.

Before delving deeper into the topic, let us first understand the basics of loans and lending.

What is a Loan?

A loan is an amount of money borrowed by an individual, group, or organization from a lender with the promise to pay it back in full or with interest. Loans can be secured or unsecured, short-term or long-term, and have various interest rates and payment terms.

What is Lending?

Lending is a financial activity where an individual or institution provides money to another individual or organization for a specific purpose. The lender expects to receive the borrowed amount along with interest or profit at a pre-determined time. Lending can be done as a business, personal, or social activity, and is crucial for economic growth.

Now that we have a basic understanding of loans and lending let us move on to loan receivables.

What is a Loan Receivable?

A loan receivable is a legal and financial term that denotes the amount of money owed to the lender by the borrower. It is an asset for the lender since it represents the future cash inflow from the loan. A loan receivable can arise from any kind of loan, be it commercial, personal, or consumer.

A loan receivable is recorded as an asset in the lender’s accounting books and is classified under the current or non-current asset category, depending on the expected time of collection.

Types of Loan Receivables:

There are two types of loan receivables: secured and unsecured.

Secured Loan Receivables:

Secured loan receivables are loans that are backed by collateral, which can be physical assets like property, machinery, stock, or financial assets like stocks, bonds, or other securities. In the event of the borrower’s default, the lender has the right to claim the collateral and recover the loan amount.

Secured loan receivables are less risky for the lender since they have collateral as security. Therefore, lenders can offer lower interest rates and more extended repayment periods.

Unsecured Loan Receivables:

Unsecured loan receivables are loans that are not backed by any collateral. These loans are based on the borrower’s creditworthiness and ability to repay the loan. Unsecured loans are more risky for the lender since they have no security to fall back on in the case of default. Therefore, these loans carry higher interest rates and shorter repayment periods.

Calculation of Loan Receivable:

The calculation of loan receivable depends on various factors like loan amount, interest rate, payment period, repayment schedule, and interest accrual method. Here is a table that illustrates a sample loan receivable calculation:

Loan Amount
Interest Rate
Payment Period
2 years
Monthly Payment
Total Payment
Interest Accrual Method
Simple Interest

FAQs about Loan Receivable:

1. What is the difference between loan receivable and loan payable?

Loan receivable is the amount of money owed to the lender, while loan payable is the amount of money owed by the borrower to the lender.

2. Can loan receivables be sold or assigned to third parties?

Yes, loan receivables can be sold or assigned to third parties through securitization or factoring.

3. What is the role of loan receivables in financial statements?

Loan receivables are recorded as assets in the lender’s financial statements and are used to calculate the company’s profitability, liquidity, and solvency ratios.

4. How do lenders manage loan receivables?

Lenders manage loan receivables by setting up a loan portfolio, monitoring repayment schedules, and tracking borrowers’ creditworthiness.

5. What happens if a borrower defaults on a loan receivable?

If a borrower defaults on a loan receivable, the lender can take legal action, claim collateral (if it is a secured loan), or sell the loan to a debt collection agency.

6. Can loan receivables be modified or adjusted?

Yes, loan receivables can be modified or adjusted with the consent of both parties through loan restructuring, refinancing, or loan forgiveness.

7. How do lenders calculate interest on loan receivables?

Lenders calculate interest on loan receivables using various methods like simple interest, compound interest, and effective interest rate.

8. What is the difference between loan receivable and accounts receivable?

Loan receivable is a type of accounts receivable that arises from lending activities, while accounts receivable represents the amount of money owed to a company by its customers for goods or services sold.

9. Can loan receivables be written off?

Yes, loan receivables can be written off as bad debt if the borrower is incapable of repaying the loan.

10. How do loan receivables affect a company’s cash flow?

Loan receivables increase a company’s cash inflow, while loan repayments decrease it.

11. Is loan receivable an asset or a liability?

Loan receivable is an asset since it represents the cash inflow expected from the loan.

12. What is the difference between loan receivable and notes receivable?

Loan receivable is a type of notes receivable that arises from lending activities, while notes receivable can also arise from other transactions like sales, leases, or trade receivables.

13. How do lenders evaluate borrower creditworthiness for loan receivables?

Lenders evaluate borrower creditworthiness through credit checks, income verification, debt-to-income ratio analysis, and credit history analysis.


In conclusion, understanding loan receivable is crucial for both lenders and borrowers. It helps in managing cash flow, assessing profitability, and evaluating credit risk. From calculating loan receivables to managing loan portfolios, this comprehensive guide has covered all aspects of loan receivable. We hope this article has provided valuable insights into the concept of loan receivable and its importance in the financial world.

If you have any queries or suggestions, feel free to reach out to us. We would be happy to assist you.

Closing Disclaimer:

The information provided in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and should not be construed as financial or legal advice. Readers are advised to consult with their financial or legal advisors before making any financial decisions. The author and the publisher are not responsible for any damages or losses arising from the use of this information.