Interest Rate on Business Loan: All You Need to Know

Greetings fellow entrepreneurs! If you’re considering taking out a loan for your business, you’ll probably come across the term “interest rate”. Understanding how interest rates work is crucial to making informed decisions about borrowing money. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about the interest rate on business loans.


Before we dive into the specifics of interest rates on business loans, let’s first understand what they are and why they matter. Simply put, an interest rate is the percentage of the principal loan amount that a lender charges as interest for the use of their funds. Interest rates are typically expressed as an annual percentage rate (APR) and can vary depending on the lender, the borrower’s creditworthiness, and the loan terms.

When it comes to business loans, interest rates can have a significant impact on the cost of borrowing money. A lower interest rate can make it easier to repay the loan and reduce the overall cost of borrowing, while a higher interest rate can increase the cost and make the loan more difficult to repay. Understanding how interest rates are determined and what factors can affect them is essential to making informed borrowing decisions.

What is the Average Interest Rate on Business Loans?

The average interest rate on business loans can vary depending on the type of loan, the lender, and the borrower’s creditworthiness. According to the Small Business Administration (SBA), the average interest rate for SBA loans in 2020 was 6.5%. However, this is just one example, and interest rates can range anywhere from 2% to 30% depending on the circumstances.

It’s worth noting that interest rates on business loans can be fixed or variable. Fixed rates remain the same throughout the loan term, while variable rates can fluctuate based on market conditions. Both types of interest rates have their advantages and disadvantages, depending on your unique circumstances.

Factors That Affect Interest Rates on Business Loans

The interest rate on a business loan is not set in stone and can vary depending on several factors. Here are some of the most common factors that can affect the interest rate on your loan:

Credit Score
Borrowers with higher credit scores are typically offered lower interest rates.
Loan Amount
Larger loans may come with lower interest rates.
Loan Term
Shorter loan terms may come with lower interest rates.
Borrowers who offer collateral may be offered lower interest rates.
Business Age and Performance
Established businesses with strong financials may be offered lower interest rates.
Market Conditions
Interest rates can fluctuate based on changes in the economy, inflation, and other market conditions.

Types of Business Loans and Their Interest Rates

There are several types of business loans available, and each may come with different interest rates. Here are some of the most common types of business loans and their typical interest rates:

1. SBA Loans

SBA loans are backed by the Small Business Administration and are often some of the most affordable business loans available. Interest rates on SBA loans typically range from 5% to 10%. However, the application process can be lengthy, and eligibility requirements are strict.

2. Bank Loans

Bank loans are one of the most traditional forms of business financing. Interest rates on bank loans can vary significantly depending on the lender, the borrower’s creditworthiness, and other factors. On average, bank loan interest rates range from 4% to 13%.

3. Equipment Financing

As the name suggests, equipment financing is used to purchase or lease business equipment. Interest rates on equipment financing can range from 4% to 25%, depending on the borrower’s creditworthiness and the equipment being financed.

4. Invoice Financing

Invoice financing allows businesses to use their outstanding invoices as collateral for a loan. Interest rates on invoice financing typically range from 1.5% to 3% per month.

5. Line of Credit

A line of credit is a flexible form of financing that allows businesses to draw on funds as needed. Interest rates on lines of credit can vary depending on the lender and the borrower’s creditworthiness. On average, interest rates range from 7% to 25%.

6. Merchant Cash Advance

A merchant cash advance is a type of financing that allows businesses to borrow against their future credit and debit card sales. Interest rates on merchant cash advances can be high, with rates ranging from 10% to 50%.

7. Peer-to-Peer Loans

Peer-to-peer loans are loans that are funded by individual investors rather than a bank or financial institution. Interest rates on peer-to-peer loans can vary significantly depending on the lender and the borrower’s creditworthiness. On average, interest rates range from 6% to 36%.


1. Can I Negotiate the Interest Rate on My Business Loan?

It’s always worth trying to negotiate a lower interest rate on your business loan. However, this will depend on the lender and your creditworthiness. It’s important to have a good understanding of your financials and your options before entering into negotiations.

2. How Can I Improve My Chances of Getting a Lower Interest Rate?

The best way to improve your chances of getting a lower interest rate is to have a strong credit score and financials. This can include demonstrating a track record of on-time payments, keeping your debt-to-income ratio low, and showing stable revenue and profitability.

3. What Is the Difference Between a Fixed and Variable Interest Rate?

A fixed interest rate remains the same throughout the loan term, while a variable interest rate can fluctuate based on market conditions. Fixed rates provide predictability and stability, while variable rates can offer flexibility and the potential for lower rates if market conditions are favorable.

4. Are Interest Rates Tax Deductible?

Yes, the interest paid on a business loan is typically tax-deductible. This can help offset some of the costs associated with borrowing money.

5. How Do I Know if I’m Getting a Good Interest Rate?

Comparing interest rates from different lenders and understanding how they are determined can help you determine if you’re getting a good interest rate. Working with a financial advisor or consultant can also provide valuable insight.

6. Can I Refinance My Business Loan to Get a Lower Interest Rate?

Yes, refinancing your business loan can be a good option if you’re paying a high interest rate. This involves taking out a new loan to pay off the existing loan, often at a lower interest rate. However, it’s important to weigh the costs and benefits of refinancing before making a decision.

7. How Long Will It Take to Pay Off My Business Loan?

The length of time it takes to pay off a business loan will depend on the loan terms and the borrower’s ability to make payments. Most business loans have terms ranging from one to ten years.

8. Can I Get a Business Loan with Bad Credit?

It may be more challenging to get a business loan with bad credit, but it’s not impossible. Some lenders specialize in working with borrowers who have less-than-perfect credit. However, these loans may come with higher interest rates and stricter terms.

9. What Happens if I Can’t Repay My Business Loan?

If you’re unable to repay your business loan, the lender may take legal action to recover the funds. This can include seizing collateral or filing a lawsuit. It’s important to communicate with your lender if you’re having difficulty making payments to explore alternative options.

10. How Much Should I Borrow for My Business?

The amount you should borrow for your business will depend on your unique needs and financials. It’s important to only borrow what you can realistically afford to repay and to have a solid plan for using the funds to generate revenue.

11. What Is the Difference Between a Term Loan and a Line of Credit?

A term loan is a one-time lump sum payment that is typically repaid over a set period of time. A line of credit, on the other hand, provides ongoing access to funds that can be drawn on as needed up to a certain limit. Interest is only charged on the amount of funds that are drawn.

12. Can I Use a Business Loan to Start a New Business?

Yes, business loans can be used to start a new business. However, lenders may be more cautious in lending to startups without a track record of revenue or profitability. It’s important to have a solid business plan and financial projections in place to demonstrate the potential for success.

13. How Can I Compare Loan Options?

Comparing loan options can be overwhelming, but it’s an important step in making informed borrowing decisions. Some factors to consider when comparing loans include the interest rate, loan term, repayment schedule, and any fees or penalties associated with the loan.


Understanding the interest rate on business loans is essential to making informed borrowing decisions. Interest rates can impact the cost of borrowing money and affect your ability to repay the loan. By considering factors like creditworthiness, loan type, and loan terms, you can make informed decisions about borrowing money for your business. Whether you’re starting a new business or looking to expand an existing one, knowing your options and understanding the ins and outs of business loans can help set you up for success.

So, what are you waiting for? Start exploring your loan options today and take your business to the next level!

Closing Disclaimer

The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be construed as financial or legal advice. Before making any decisions about borrowing money, it’s important to consult with a qualified financial advisor or attorney. We do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of any information presented in this article, and we will not be liable for any losses or damages arising from reliance on the information provided. Use this information at your own risk.